Migrants' structural incoorporation
(with Mariña Fernández-Reino and Maria Ramos) 2017. "Are migrants selected on motivational orientations? Selectivity patterns amongst international migrants in Europe”. European Sociological Review, 34(5):570-588.
Migration scholars often assume migrants are the most ambitious and motivated individuals of their home countries. Yet research on motivational selectivity is scant. We present the first systematic cross-national analysis of migrants' selectivity on achievement-related motivational orientations. Our findings seem to contradict the arguments about a common migrant personality put forward by social psychologists, as well as most of the predictions of standard economic models. We do find, however, some support for the welfare magnet hypothesis, as well as for the expectation that gender traditionalism favours negative motivational selectivity of migrant women. We show that reported estimates are not driven by educational selectivity and are unlikely to be biased by destination effects.
Winner of the ESR Best Paper Prize , 2019
(with Lucinda Platt and Jonas Radl) 2017.“Migrants' occupational attainment across European destinations: Can we identify policy effects?" (in progress)
We investigate the impact of institutional factors on the occupational attainment of first-generation migrants in Europe. Using data from the European Social Survey cumulative dataset, combined with macro-level institutional data from multiple sources (OECD, MIPEX, Eurostat), we focus on the following six macro-level covariates: 1) Social expenditure as percentage of GDP; 2) Employment protection legislation (OECD); 3) Labour market and business regulation; 4) Separate components of the MIPEX index of immigrant integration policies; 5) Size of the non-tertiary sector; and 6) Regional unemployment rate. Applying Heckman selection models, we are able to identify (to our knowledge for the first time) a positive effect of anti-discrimination policies on immigrants’ occupational attainment. This effect is not found, however, for migrants coming from Muslim countries.