Immigrants' socio-economic incoorporation
My research on this topic is being carried out in two interconnected projects
Growth, Equal Opportunities, Migration & Markets, GEMM
European Commission, Horizon 2020
This EU funded project addresses the challenges and barriers that European countries face in managing the mobility of persons to realize competitiveness and growth. With over 20 researchers located in 8 countries in Europe, the GEMM project will deliver: 1) An analysis of the obstacles to the successful incorporation of migrants and in particular to the attraction and retention of highly-skilled migrants; 2) A thorough assessment of the migration-related drivers of growth and the optimal functioning of markets; 3) An assessment of ethnic inequality in the labour market as a barrier to competitiveness and innovation in Europe; 4) A set of policy recommendations that contain concrete guidelines as to how migrants can contribute to the EU economy and society. These deliverables are realized by putting forward an innovative research agenda that combines scientific rigour, a mixed-methods and comparative approach, and crosscutting expertise. The main contribution of this project is to advance our understanding of ethnic inequality as a central barrier to the optimal functioning of the European labour market and thus to growth and innovation. PI Spanish team: Javier G. Polavieja; Project Coordinator: Neli Demireva.
Competition, Adaptation and Labour-Market Attainment of International Migrants in Europe, CALMA
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, VI Plan Nacional de Investigación Científica
The primary goal of the CALMA project is to advance our understanding of international migrants' integration processes in receiving societies. The project sets out to analyse and explain immigrants' incorporation by looking at its spatial, cultural, and economic dimensions, as well as by considering natives' reactions to immigration as a crucial component of the integration process. CALMA investigates how different integration outcomes are influenced by i) migrants' human capital and cultural characteristics (micro-level), ii) the role of families, social networks and residential and labour-market competition (meso-level) and iii) the socio-economic, institutional and cultural characteristics of the host societies (macro-level). The analysis is divided into four interconnected research lines: 1) labor-market incorporation, 2) cultural adaptation, 3) natives' reactions to immigration, and 4) spatial diffusion, competition and segregation. The project applies advanced statistical techniques to the empirical study of immigrants' incorporation and introduces a pioneering methodological innovation to deal with the problem of endogeneous cultural preferences. PI: Javier G. Polavieja.